and to make sure that no one has tampered with the contents. (PGP Guide, p. 19.)
The latest versions of PGP even allow you to add a photo identification to your
digital signature.

How to Find PGP

The International PGP Home Page promotes the use of PGP worldwide,
and is a resource pool for information on the PGP program and the OpenPGP
standard. It also has a complete list of the latest freeware versions of PGP.

Freeware Available Internationally for the first time ever

Due to recent changes in US export rules, PGP Security now hosts the
official international download site for PGP at:

Commercial versions of PGP with enhancements, additional features and
technical support are also available from Network Associates, Inc. (“NAI”), the
parent company of PGP. The commercial version, which is suitable for larger
firms, may be found at

The freeware versions, not intended for commercial use, do not include
technical support, but mass quantities of information are available on the Internet.
For example, Greg Wolfe’s online “PGP Beginner’s Guide” for DOS and
Windows may be found at

Since 1995, the Freeware PGP Help Team has been the only all-volunteer

help resource for non-profit users and organizations trying to learn more about
how to use PGP. A friendly, three-step method for beginners to help themselves
or to ask questions about PGP encryption can be found at:

The newer PGP v7.x Freeware installers always install the full PGP
documentation, which includes the "Intro to Crypto", describing the basics of
public key cryptography. The complete documentation for several versions of
PGP is also available at the international PGP website.

For further information, in a more traditional form, see the following PGP
books :

Phil Zimmermann, The Official PGP User’s Guide, MIT Press, 1995, ISBN:
0-262-74017-6, 216 pages, paperback, $14.95

Phil Zimmermann, PGP: Source Code and Internals, MIT Press, 1995, ISBN:
0-262-24039, 4,900 pages, hardcover, $60.00

• Simson Garfinkel, PGP: Pretty Good Privacy, O'Reilly & Associates, 1994,
ISBN: 1-56592-098-8.

William Stallings, Protect Your Privacy - A Guide for PGP Users,Prentice-
Hall, 1994, ISBN0-13-185596-4.

Beyond PGP

Since the initial publication of this volume in 1999, e-mail usage by
lawyers has become the norm-not the exception. PGP continues to provide a
viable, constantly improving encryption method for those lawyers who feel they
need privacy and security; but the internet, where time is accelerated and
compressed, has come up with new possibilities.

E-mail encryption is now available online through ZipLip
( and other similar services. ZipLip allows you to send a secure
e-mail message with attachments that require a password to read and access.
Messages are automatically deleted from ZipLip 24 hours after you have received
and read them.

internet guide for new york lawyers

Even simpler, user-friendly, web-based e-mail encryption services are now
available and more are coming on-line daily. Although NAI holds the PGP
trademark and the source code for the NAI implementation of PGP, PGP is
defined by an Internet Engineering Taskforce (“IETF”) open standard called
OpenPGP, embodied in IETF RFC 2440, which any company may implement
freely into its products.

Phil Zimmermann has left NAI and launched the OpenPGP Consortium
(, to facilitate interoperability of different vendors'
implementations of the OpenPGP standard, as well as to help guide future
directions of the OpenPGP standard.

The free e-mail service implements this system, the user
needn't even know a public or private key exists. Users need have no
understanding of how to generate, send, receive or store a public/private key pair.
free encrypted email, free managed Public Key Infrastructure, free 5MB storage
space, free digital signing, and free technical support are all provided by

For the foreseeable future, lawyers and others who wish to, may easily and
conveniently secure their e-mail against prying eyes, protecting the confidentiality
of attorney-client e-mail, relying on the most popular encryption program, PGP,
in its free and commercial versions, or they may choose to use the latest, web-
based, OpenPGP standard applications.

Questions and comments on this article are welcomed by the author. Please
contact me at

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